What Is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is about the aqueous fluid in your eye. Everyone has this fluid, but in glaucoma patients, it becomes built up and pressure from it damages the optic nerve.
Glaucoma can make you lose your sight entirely, and unfortunately it’s really hard to detect in early stages. Glaucoma begins when you start to lose your peripheral (side) vision, and many people don’t notice it as it progresses. As you age, it’s a really good idea to get regular glaucoma checks to make sure the condition isn’t sneaking up on you.
How Do You Treat Glaucoma?
The bad news: glaucoma damage can’t be turned around. The good news: eye doctors can help you stop the condition in its tracks by reducing the pressure in your eye. There are three ways:
- Eye drops. Prescription eye drops can stop the production of fluid in your eye. Most patients can be successfully treated this way.
- Oral Medication. There are medications available that can reduce the pressure in your eye caused by the built-up fluid.
- Laser surgery. Several different outpatient laser or conventional eye surgeries are available to treat glaucoma. Your doctor will create a drainage hole in your eye and may implant a small device that will help fluid go in the right direction.
Most glaucoma patients can be treated with eye drops or medications before moving on to try surgery.
What Causes Glaucoma?
The short answer: doctors aren’t sure. The most important thing to remember about glaucoma, though, is that anyone of any age can develop it. No matter how old you are, you should have your eyes regularly checked.
What Do You Do If You Think You Have Glaucoma?
If you haven’t been checked for glaucoma in a while or you’re noticing vision problems, please come in to an eyecarecenter near you. We can help diagnose any problem that may be occurring.